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I have a confession to make. But first, I want you to make a little confession to me. In the past year, I want you to just raise your hand if you've experiencedrelatively little stress. Anyone? How about a moderate amount of stress? Who has experienced a lot of stress? Yeah. Me too.
But that is not my confession. My confession is this: I am a health psychologist, and my mission is to help people be happier and healthier. But I fear that something I've been teaching for the last 10 years is doing more harm than good, and it has to do with stress. For years I've been telling people, stress makes you sick. It increases the risk of everything from the common cold tocardiovascular disease. Basically, I've turned stress into the enemy. But I have changed my mind about stress, and today, I want to change yours.
Let me start with the study that made me rethink my whole approach to stress. This study tracked 30,000 adults in the United States for eight years, and they started by asking people, "How much stress have you experienced in the last year?" They also asked, "Do you believe that stress is harmful for your health?" And then they used public death records to find out who died.
Okay. Some bad news first. People who experienced a lot of stress in the previous year had a 43 percent increased risk of dying. But that was only true for the people who also believed that stress is harmful for your health.
People who experienced a lot of stress but did not view stress as harmful were no more likely to die. In fact, they had the lowest risk of dying of anyone in the study, including people who had relatively little stress.
Now the researchers estimated that over the eight years they were tracking deaths, 182,000 Americans died prematurely, not from stress, but from the belief that stress is bad for you. That is over20,000 deaths a year. Now, if that estimate is correct, that would make believing stress is bad for you the 15th largest cause of death in the United States last year, killing more people than skin cancer, HIV/AIDS and homicide.
1.Confession n. 招供；忏悔；承认
An acknowledgement that one has done something about which oneis ashamed or embarrassed.
2.relatively adv. 相对来说；相对的
In relation, comparison, or proportionto something else.
Eg. They were very poor, but, relatively speaking, theyhad been lucky.
3.moderate adj. 中等的；适度的；温和的
Average in amount, intensity, quality,or degree.
Eg. We walked ata moderate pace.
4.cardiovasculardisease n. 心血管疾病
Relating to the heart and blood vessels.
Eg. Increasedrisk of death from cardiovascular disease.
5.estimate v. 估计，估算；估价
Roughly calculate or judge the value,number, quantity, or extent of.
Eg. An estimated cost of $1,000 million.
6.homicide n. 谋杀罪
The killing of one person by another.