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阅读考题的常见类型

微信公众号:朗阁云讲堂huawei时间:2019-09-29 14:06


如今越来越多的同学想要参加小托福考试中,部分是因为想要参加美国入学考试,那么听力和阅读也就成了难度不小的两项考试。那么今天小编就为大家详细介绍,小托福阅读考题的常见类型,一起看看吧。

 

 

  一、主旨题(mainidea)

  典型问法:

  1.What is the maintopic of the article?

  2.What is thepassage mainly about?

  3.What would bethe most appropriate he小托福 试题line for the article?

  答题策略:

  1.排除“无中生有”的选项

  2. 任何涉及细节的选项都不能选。

  3. 正确答案不会与文中的任何一句话完全相同。

  4. 抓住每段的中心句。

  例题:

  Most biologists study living things that we know are real, but a few try to learn about animals that have not been proven to exist yet. This job belongs to scientists called crypto-zoologists. Their job is to confirm if unknown animals, or cryptids, really do exist. They have found evidence that animals like Bigfoot might be real and they've even proven that some cryptids, such as the giant squid, do live in the world.

  What’sthe passage mainly about?

  (A) Bigfoots

  (B) Cryptids

  (C) Biologists

  (D) Crypto-zoologists

  这道题目就是典型的主旨题。第一句话说了大部分的生物学家研究真实存在的生物,但是少部分研究的是没有证据可证明他们存在的动物。然后说这样一群人叫crypto-zoologists.之后围绕他们这群人的具体工作内容展开,所以不难选出正确答案是D

  二、指代题 (reference)

  典型问法:

  1. In line…, the word…refers to…

  2. The word…in the passage refers to…

  答题策略:

  1.一般来说,被指代的事物会出现在该代词之前。

  2.所指代的内容一定来自文章中的某些单词或短语。

  3.所选答案与这个代词具有数(单数或复数)和格(第一人称、第二人称或第三人称)的一致性。

  4.可以将所选答案替代代词放回原句,检验是否违反语法规则,是否能让句子表达通顺。

  例题:

  The coaches have all agreed that anystudent may participate on two athletic teams so long as one is the track team.Those students wishing to play two sports must speak with both coaches prior totryouts. Finally, all students must submit an injury release form to the coach of the team they want to play on. No students will be permitted to try out until it has been turned in.

  In line 9, the word it refers to ____.

  (A) the track team

  (B) an injuryrelease form

  (C) the coach

  (D) the team

  指代往前找,原句提到所有的学生在提交it之前都不能参加选拔,而前面提到所有学生必须上交an injury release form给他们想参加的队伍,所以选B。

  三、词义理解题 (word meaning)

  典型问法:

  1. In line…, the word…is closest in meaning to…

  答题策略:

  1. 即使知道被考单词的意思,也要阅读上下文,了解语境后再做出选择。因为一个单词在不同的语境中意思不同。

  2. 十分生僻的单词或专业名词不会考到。

  3. 应将选项带入原文进行检验,保证句子的意思不会改变。

  例题:

  Humanbeings often think that they are the smartest life form on Earth, but there isstill a lot we can learn from other animals. To start, have you ever hadtrouble opening a banana? Well, chimpanzees never have trouble. Humans alwaystry and open a banana from the top, but a chimpanzee doesn’t. It opens a bananafrom the bottom by pinching theblack end, like apicking up salt with his fingers. A banana opens easily andquickly this way. A chimpanzee never fights to open it banana like a sillyhuman!

  Inline 4, the word pinching is closest in meaning to ____.

  (A)biting

  (B)pulling

  (C)ripping

  (D)squeezing

  Pinch这个单词不认识很正常,因为考官的目的就是让大家通过上下文来猜测词义。后面举了具体的例子“就像一个厨师用手指(注意这里是复数)抓盐”所以最接近的是squeeze

  四、细节题 (detail)

  答题策略:

  考生可以从文中的某一句话中找到细节题的现成答案。考生只需判断这句话是否与问题相关。切忌随意选择,一定要做到有据可依。

  Themost famous astronaut in the world is Neil Armstrong. Before he was anastronaut, Neil Armstrong served his country in a number of different ways. Hebegan as a pilot for the American Navy during the Korean War. Once the war wasover, he went back to school. He finished at the top of his class and decidedhe wants to help make planes more powerful. After years of building, testing,and improving planes, the U.S Air Force asked him to join the space program. Afew years later, he became famous for being the first man to walk on the moon.This was during the Apollo 11 space mission of July 20, 1969. He and BuzzAldrin explored the surface of the moon for two and a half hours. The moonlanding is one of the most important events in human history, and Armstrong wasa part of it. He will be remembered forever because of his legendary quote,“This is one small step for a man; one giant leap for mankind.”

  Whatis Neil Armstrong most famous for?

  (A) Walking on the moon

  (B)Building and testing airplanes

  (C)His role as a pilot in the Korean War

  (D)Finishinguniversity with the highest grades


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