2016年托福写作真题题目：Some people believe that the Earth is being harmed (damaged) by human activity. Others feel that human activity makes the Earth a better place to live. What is your opinion? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
While the past few centuries have witnessed increasingly better quality of human life, human activity is doing more and more harm to the Earth. Natural resources are being depleted and pollution is being created as a result of development of technology. Natural areas are being damaged as a result of urban expansion to populate more people.
First, we harm the Earth by using more and more natural resources. If we fell too many trees at one time to build
houses and make paper, or if we cut down trees before they grow to maturity, they can hardly grow back in time. As worrisome as overcutting of trees is overfishing. With improved technology and greater drive for money, fish of all kinds are being over hunted, reducing the biomass of some fish to the verge of extinction. Whaling seems a most irksome issue. While most countries argue against it, some countries go whaling to extremes. We often take it for granted that we have unlimited natural resources and use them in a wasteful manner, bringing about great losses.
Second, we damage the Earth by producing pollution in all forms. Factories pollute water and the air. Vehicles pollute the air. Nuclear-related and electronic products are playing an increasingly big role in polluting the air, especially when we dispose of related waste carelessly. We take it for granted that Nature can help clean everything, but it can not.
Third, expanding towns and cities are taking up more and more land. As populations flood to cities, new houses and stores have to be built to accommodate their needs. Land that was good for farming has now become factories and apartment buildings. We seem to take it for granted that we have unlimited land, but we do not.
In summary, human activity seems to be going at the expense of the Earth in various ways. However, our survival depends on the Earth, including natural areas and natural resources, so we have to venerate the Earth.
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Playing computer games is a waste of time. Children should not be allowed to play them. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
Nowadays, most families possess more than one computer at home, and children are more likely to be exposed to computers at a very early age. And many computer games are aiming at children in recent years. Many people are concerned about this situation and they believe playing computer games is a waste of time. However, I disagree with this viewpoint and I believe children obtain many benefits by playing computer games.
First off, playing computer games offers children great platforms to get acquainted with more people and hone their communication and cooperation skills. For example, many computer games, such as World of War craft, require their players to set up teams and fulfill certain tasks. These kind of tasks can only be accomplished through good cooperation. So each player, including children, can have their communication and cooperation skills improved.
Furthermore, playing computer games could help improve children’s intelligence. It is because many of them, especially puzzle games, require their players to figure out possible plans and strategies to win the game; players are not able to upgrade to the next level only with luck. For example, when playing Angry Birds, you have to formulate a plan for shooting different types birds according the layout of your targets. So, by playing such computer games, children start to think, to plan and to carry out their plans.
What’s more, playing computer games can be a good way to relax. Nowadays, children bear greater pressure both from their study and life. For example, my cousin are forced to take various kind of training courses at weekends, which leads him to feel so anxious and exhausted. However, every time when he has time, he would choose to play computer games. He told me that by playing computer games, he can get rid of all the stresses and get fully refreshed. That helped him to resume studying with high efficiency the next day.
All in all, I draw the conclusion that playing computer games brings children more benefits than downsides.