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长难句分层法(二)

微信公众号:朗阁云讲堂huawei时间:2019-09-21 18:09


 2. If a needle is thrown at random on a sheet of paper ruled with lines whose distance apart is exactly equal to the length of the needle, how often can it be expected to fall on a line and how often into a blank space?

  译文:如果把一根针随机地投到一张纸上,纸上画了许多平行线,它们之间的间隔等于针的长度,那么针落在线上的几率是多少?落在空白处的几率又是多少?

  第一层:If a needle is thrown at random on a sheet of paper ruled with lines whose distance apart is exactly equal to the len‐状语从句gth of the needle, how often状can谓it主be expected谓to fall on a line宾and连how often状into a blank space?

  第二层:(状语从句)If引a needle主is系thrown表at random状on a sheet of paper状ruled with lines定whose distance apart is exactly equal to the length of the needle定语从句。

  第三层:(定语从句)whose引distance apart主is系exactly状equal表to the length of the needle宾

  要点:这是复合句。在if引导的状语从句中,ruled with lines是过去分词,作paper的定语,whose……needle是lines的定语从句,whose distance apart的意思是“它们之间的间隔”。主句中and后面是个省略句,省去了can it be expected to fall.翻译时可将英文的被动语态译成汉语的主动语态。length:长度。rule paper with lines:在纸上划平行线。


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